Text author: Radosław Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski

The interdisciplinary research of the area around the Roman fort of Apsaros (modern Gonio). A long-term project is underway. The research work involves scientists and students from the Faculty of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw as well as from the Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University and researchers from the Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Ajara and the Krukowski Georgian-Polish Interdisciplinary Research Center.

The head of the Polish side is Assoc. Prof. Radosław Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski.

Geological research, led by Assoc. Prof. Leszek Łęczyński (Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk), is a separate element of this project. The main aim of his works is to find traces of the seaport and to try to reconstruct the route of the shoreline, including the mouth of the nearby river, during the time of the Roman fort construction.

Physico-chemical analyses of samples of building materials and raw clay from Fort Apsaros and its surroundings. A long-term project in progress. With the help of the staff of the Gonio-Apsaros Museum and Sanctuary, samples of raw clay are obtained from deposits in the vicinity of the fort and, above all, from ceramic building materials (tiles, bricks, ceramic pipes) coming from various contexts from this site and its surroundings. The samples are analysed every year in the "Archea" laboratory in Warsaw by PhD Małgorzata Daszkiewicz. The main aim of the research is to determine the places of production of ceramic materials found during excavations. The results of the analyses so far indicate that we are dealing with both local production and imports from distant production centres.

The head of the project on the Polish side is Assoc. Prof. Radosław Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski.

Production of 3D models of the defensive walls and remains of the interior part of the Apsaros Roman fort. A long-term project is underway. The basis for the construction of 3D models was, among others, the earlier documentation, including 3D scans made in 2018 by the former 3D Scanners Department of the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw, using a laser scanner by Leica Geosystem. Some of the information also comes from older documentation prepared by other methods (traditional drawings, photography, archaeological plans which are part of documentation of regular excavations). As a result of the project two completely different products are created:

One is the 3D model of Fort Apsaros in Gonio (scale) in its current state. The final result, in this case, will be casting and will be installed on the premises of the Gonio-Apsaros Museum and Sanctuary. It will be not only a tourist attraction but also a didactic tool. The model will primarily facilitate sightseeing for people with visual disabilities.

The second effect of the described works is the first 3D model of Roman garrison baths. It is a reconstruction of one of the buildings whose ruins were discovered during the Polish-Georgian excavations. In the following years, there will be similar reconstructions of other buildings once inside the fort and a 2D reconstruction of the fort plan in all known construction phases.